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标题:一般命令式
Need to tell your teacher, supervisor, or the Italian prime minister to do something? Use the subjunctive formof the verb to form the formal commands. The table below contains some examples of formal commands.

  FORMAL COMMANDS

  INFINITIVE LEI LORO

  cantare Canti! Cantino!

  dormire Dorma! Dormano!

  finire Finisca! Finiscano!

  parlare Parli! Parlino!

  partire Parta! Partano!

  pulire Pulisca! Puliscano!

  scrivere Scriva! Scrivano!

  vendere Venda ! Vendano!

  Some of the verbs have irregular stem changes in the io form. Sometimes, this form is used to construct the imperatives of Lei and Loro.

  FORMAL COMMANDS: VERBS WITH STEM CHANGES

  INFINITIVE PRESENT-INDICATIVE FORM OF IO IMPERATIVE FORM OF LEI IMPERATIVE FORM OF LORO

  andare(to walk) vado Vada! Vadano!

  apparire(to appear) appaio Appaia! Appaiano!

  bere(to drink) bevo Beva! Bevano!

  cogliere(to pick, to pluck) colgo Colga! Colgano!

  dire(to say, to tell) dico Dica! Dicano!

  fare(to make) faccio Faccia! Facciano!

  porre(to place, to put down) pongo Ponga! Pongano!

  rimanere(to stay, to remain) rimango Rimanga! Rimangano!

  salire(to climb) salgo Salga! Salgano!

  scegliere(to choose, to pick) scelgo Scelga! Scelgano!

  sedere(to sit down) siedo Sieda! Siedano!

  suonare(to play a musical instrument)

  suono Suoni! Suonino!

  tradurre(to translate) traduco Traduca! Traducano!

  trarre(to draw, to pull) traggo Tragga! Traggano!

  udire(to listen) odo Oda! Odano!

  uscire(to exit) esco Esca! Escano!

  venire(to come) vengo Venga! Vengano!

  Finally, some verbs have irregular formal command forms that are not based on any present-indicative forms, and which you will have to memorize. These verbs are listed below.

  FORMAL COMMANDS: IRREGULAR VERBS

  INFINITIVE LEI LORO

  avere Abbia! Abbiano!

  dare Dia! Diano!

  essere Sia! Siano!

  sapere Sappia! Sappiano!

  stare Stia! Stiano

  Note that the same form of the verb is used for the negative formal commands.




:2009/8/12 15:29:09(2173)
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